L. Ebony Boulware, MD

Professor of Medicine
Nanaline Duke Distinguished Professor of Medicine
Chief, Division of General Internal Medicine in the Department of Medicine
Director, Duke Clinical and Translational Science Award
Vice Dean for Translational Sciences
Professor in the Department of Family Medicine and Community Health
Professor in Population Health Sciences
Affiliate of the Center for Biobehavioral Health Disparities Research
Associate of the Duke Initiative for Science & Society
Campus mail 200 Morris Street, 3rd Floor, Durham, NC 27701
Phone (919) 681-4653
Email address ebony.boulware@duke.edu

Dr. Boulware directs the Duke Clinical and Translational Science Institute as Vice Dean for Translational Science and Associate Vice Chancellor for Translational Research, and she is Chief of the Duke Division of General Internal Medicine in the Department of Medicine. She is a general internist, physician-scientist and clinical epidemiologist focused on improving health and health equity for individuals and communities affected by chronic health conditions such as kidney disease. A national thought leader in health equity, she has identified patient, clinician, system, and community-level barriers that result in disparate outcomes for Black and other marginalized individuals. Using pragmatic trials, she has developed successful interventions, shaped guidelines, raised physician awareness and changed clinical practice.  Throughout her work, Dr. Boulware has sought to improve transparency and trustworthiness in science and medicine. 

Her research has been continuously funded by the National Institutes for Health, the Patient Centered Outcomes Research Institute, and other organizations throughout her career. She has published over 200 manuscripts, book chapters, and editorials, and she mentors numerous students, residents, fellows, and faculty members.  Dr. Boulware is an elected member of the American Society for Clinical Investigation, the National Academy of Medicine, and the American Academy of Arts and Sciences.

PubMed Listing Here (Link)


  • A.B. Vassar College, 1991
  • M.D. Duke University, 1995
  • M.P.H. Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 1999

Websites (Links)

Education and Training

  • Research Fellow, General Internal Medicine, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, 1999 - 2002
  • Chief Resident, General Internal Medicine, University of Maryland School of Medicine, 1998 - 1999
  • Residency, General Internal Medicine, University of Maryland School of Medicine, 1996 - 1998
  • Internship, General Internal Medicine, University of Maryland School of Medicine, 1995 - 1996
  • M.P.H., Johns Hopkins University, 1999
  • M.D., Duke University School of Medicine, 1995


Mohottige, Dinushika, Clarissa J. Diamantidis, Keith C. Norris, and L Ebony Boulware. “Racism and Kidney Health: Turning Equity Into a Reality.” Am J Kidney Dis 77, no. 6 (June 2021): 951–62. https://doi.org/10.1053/j.ajkd.2021.01.010.

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Shaw, B. I., M. L. Samoylova, S. J. Kesseli, D. Olaso, A. S. Barbas, D. L. Sudan, L. E. Boulware, and L. M. McElroy. “High Degree of Center Variation in Simultaneous Heart Kidney Transplant: Opportunities for Standardization.” In American Journal of Transplantation, 21:307–307, 2021.


Bhavsar, Nrupen A., John Pura, Ann Marie Navar, Anne Hellkamp, Paul Muntner, Matthew Maciejewski, Sudha Raman, Brad Hammill, Lesley Curtis, and Ebony Boulware. “Abstract P112: Impact Of Look Back Period Length On Associations When Using Electronic Health Record Data For Epidemiologic Research.” In Circulation, Vol. 143. Ovid Technologies (Wolters Kluwer Health), 2021. https://doi.org/10.1161/circ.143.suppl_1.p112.

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Hines, Anika L., Ebony Boulware, Sherita H. Golden, Joshua J. Joseph, Dingfen Han, Patti Ephraim, Lisa A. Cooper, Raquel Greer, and Deidra Crews. “Abstract P195: The Association Of Psychological Stress Measures With Allostatic Load Among African Americans With Hypertension.” In Circulation, Vol. 143. Ovid Technologies (Wolters Kluwer Health), 2021. https://doi.org/10.1161/circ.143.suppl_1.p195.

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Boulware, L Ebony, and Dinushika Mohottige. “The Seen and the Unseen: Race and Social Inequities Affecting Kidney Care.” Clin J Am Soc Nephrol 16, no. 5 (May 8, 2021): 815–17. https://doi.org/10.2215/CJN.12630820.

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Riley, I. L., B. Jackson, M. Olsen, L. Svetkey, L. G. Que, L. Sanders, C. E. Cox, and L. E. Boulware. “AdheRence to Inhaled Corticosteroids in Asthma (ARICA): A Randomized Controlled Pilot Study.” In American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, Vol. 203, 2021.


DePasquale, Nicole, Matthew J. Ellis, Debra L. Sudan, Patti L. Ephraim, Lisa M. McElroy, Dinushika Mohottige, Clemontina A. Davenport, et al. “African Americans' discussions about living-donor kidney transplants with family or friends: Who, what, and why not?” Clin Transplant 35, no. 4 (April 2021): e14222. https://doi.org/10.1111/ctr.14222.

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Grubbs, Vanessa, Bernard G. Jaar, Kerri L. Cavanaugh, Patti L. Ephraim, Jessica M. Ameling, Courtney Cook, Raquel C. Greer, and L Ebony Boulware. “Impact of pre-dialysis nephrology care engagement and decision-making on provider and patient action toward permanent vascular access.” Bmc Nephrol 22, no. 1 (February 16, 2021): 60. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12882-021-02264-7.

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Norris, Keith C., Nwamaka D. Eneanya, and L Ebony Boulware. “Removal of Race From Estimates of Kidney Function: First, Do No Harm.” Jama 325, no. 2 (January 12, 2021): 135–37. https://doi.org/10.1001/jama.2020.23373.

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Boulware, L Ebony, Tanjala S. Purnell, and Dinushika Mohottige. “Systemic Kidney Transplant Inequities for Black Individuals: Examining the Contribution of Racialized Kidney Function Estimating Equations.” Jama Netw Open 4, no. 1 (January 4, 2021): e2034630. https://doi.org/10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.34630.

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