Michael Dee Gunn, MD

Professor of Medicine
Professor in Immunology
Associate Professor in Pathology
Campus mail 346 Sands Bldg, Durham, NC 27710
Phone (919) 681-0840
Email address michael.gunn@duke.edu

The focus of my work is on understanding how dendritic cells, monocytes, and macrophages regulate immune responses, contribute to specific disease pathologies, and can be manipulated to stimulate or inhibit specific immune responses. We are also using our knowledge of immunology to develop diagnostics and therapeutics for a variety of human diseases. 

Lab History 

The lab started with our discovery of the lymphoid chemokines, which regulate the migration of lymphocytes and dendritic cells to and within secondary lymphoid organs.  We identified the chemokine (CCL21) that mediates the entry of naïve T cells and activated dendritic cells into lymph nodes and the chemokine (CXCL13) that mediates the entry of B cells into lymphoid follicles.  Our focus then shifted to understanding how specific cell types, primarily dendritic cells, and cell migration events regulate immune responses.  We identified murine plasmacytoid dendritic cells, the cell type that causes pulmonary immune pathology during influenza infection, the dendritic cell type that stimulates Th1 immune responses, and the cell type that induces neuronal injury in Alzheimer's disease.  Our current work continues these basic studies while applying our findings to models of human disease. 

Current Research 

Identification and characterization of inflammatory cell populations in models of human disease – We have developed advanced methods of flow cytometric analysis that allows us to quantify and fully characterize all inflammatory cell types in murine and human tissues.  Using these methods, we are working to identify the cells that mediate a variety of immune pathologies.  Examples include the identification of immune-stimulatory and immune-suppressive cell types in brain tumors, identification of the cells that induce vascular changes pulmonary hypertension, and characterization of the inflammatory response to a variety of infectious pathogens.

Tumor immune therapeutics – We have developed a novel cellular vaccine strategy for the treatment of cancer.  This strategy is much simpler, more cost effective, more clinically feasible, and much more efficacious than classic dendritic cell vaccines.  We are now testing this vaccine in various preclinical tumor models including melanoma and glioblastoma and will soon be advancing it to initial human clinical trials.

Treatment of Acute Lung Injury – We have identified the first small molecule pharmacologic agent that is effective in reducing respiratory dysfunction, vascular leak, tissue injury, and mortality during Acute Lung Injury.  We are currently validating this agent in animal models of chemical-induced ALI and testing its efficacy in reducing ALI caused by other agents such as influenza and smoke inhalation.  We hope to develop this agent as the first effective pharmacologic treatment for ALI in humans.

Development of recombinant antibodies as diagnostic reagents – Our lab has developed novel methods to generate recombinant single chain antibodies using phage display technology.  We are currently using these methods to generate pathogen-specific antibodies for use in diagnostic tests for a variety of human bacterial, viral, and fungal infections.  In collaboration with Duke Biomedical Engineering, we are testing the use of our antibodies in a novel diagnostic assay platform to develop point-of-care assays for the diagnosis of infections by agents such as Zika virus, Dengue virus, Salmonella typhi, and Aspergillus fumigatus.

Education and Training

  • Fellowship in Cardiology, Cardiology, University of California - San Francisco, 1197
  • Internship and Residency, Internal Medicine, Parkland Health & Hospital System, 1197
  • M.D., UT Southwestern Medical School, 1983

Publications

Tighe, RM, Li, Z, Potts, EN, Frush, S, Liu, N, Gunn, MD, Foster, WM, Noble, PW, and Hollingsworth, JW. "Ozone inhalation promotes CX3CR1-dependent maturation of resident lung macrophages that limit oxidative stress and inflammation." J Immunol 187, no. 9 (November 1, 2011): 4800-4808.

PMID
21930959
Full Text

Tighe, RM, Liang, J, Liu, N, Jung, Y, Jiang, D, Gunn, MD, and Noble, PW. "Recruited exudative macrophages selectively produce CXCL10 after noninfectious lung injury." Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol 45, no. 4 (October 2011): 781-788.

PMID
21330464
Full Text

Dolan, S, Gunn, MD, Crossan, C, and Nolan, AM. "Activation of metabotropic glutamate receptor 7 in spinal cord inhibits pain and hyperalgesia in a novel formalin model in sheep." Behav Pharmacol 22, no. 5-6 (September 2011): 582-588.

PMID
21597362
Full Text

Spesock, AH, Barefoot, BE, Ray, CA, Kenan, DJ, Gunn, MD, Ramsburg, EA, and Pickup, DJ. "Cowpox virus induces interleukin-10 both in vitro and in vivo." Virology 417, no. 1 (August 15, 2011): 87-97.

PMID
21658738
Full Text

Cain, DW, and Gunn, MD. "NUR who? An orphan transcription factor holds promise for monomaniacs. (Published online)" Nat Immunol 12, no. 8 (July 19, 2011): 727-729.

PMID
21772283
Full Text

Lin, KL, Sweeney, S, Kang, BD, Ramsburg, E, and Gunn, MD. "CCR2-antagonist prophylaxis reduces pulmonary immune pathology and markedly improves survival during influenza infection." J Immunol 186, no. 1 (January 1, 2011): 508-515.

PMID
21098218
Full Text

Shelburne, CP, Nakano, H, St John, AL, Chan, C, McLachlan, JB, Gunn, MD, Staats, HF, and Abraham, SN. "Mast cells augment adaptive immunity by orchestrating dendritic cell trafficking through infected tissues." Cell Host Microbe 6, no. 4 (October 22, 2009): 331-342.

PMID
19837373
Full Text

Dolan, S, Gunn, MD, Biddlestone, L, and Nolan, AM. "The selective metabotropic glutamate receptor 7 allosteric agonist AMN082 inhibits inflammatory pain-induced and incision-induced hypersensitivity in rat." Behav Pharmacol 20, no. 7 (October 2009): 596-604.

PMID
19667973
Full Text

Nakano, H, Lin, KL, Yanagita, M, Charbonneau, C, Cook, DN, Kakiuchi, T, and Gunn, MD. "Blood-derived inflammatory dendritic cells in lymph nodes stimulate acute T helper type 1 immune responses." Nat Immunol 10, no. 4 (April 2009): 394-402.

PMID
19252492
Full Text

Chen, Y-H, Lipes, BD, Kenan, DJ, Staats, HF, and Gunn, MD. "Identification of recombinant antibodies against multiple distinct toll-like receptors by homolog mining a single immune scFv phage library." J Immunol Methods 340, no. 2 (January 30, 2009): 144-153.

PMID
19017532
Full Text

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