Michael Dee Gunn, MD

Professor of Medicine
Professor in Immunology
Associate Professor in Pathology
Campus mail 346 Sands Bldg, Durham, NC 27710
Phone (919) 681-0840
Email address michael.gunn@duke.edu

The focus of my work is on understanding how dendritic cells, monocytes, and macrophages regulate immune responses, contribute to specific disease pathologies, and can be manipulated to stimulate or inhibit specific immune responses. We are also using our knowledge of immunology to develop diagnostics and therapeutics for a variety of human diseases. 

Lab History 

The lab started with our discovery of the lymphoid chemokines, which regulate the migration of lymphocytes and dendritic cells to and within secondary lymphoid organs.  We identified the chemokine (CCL21) that mediates the entry of naïve T cells and activated dendritic cells into lymph nodes and the chemokine (CXCL13) that mediates the entry of B cells into lymphoid follicles.  Our focus then shifted to understanding how specific cell types, primarily dendritic cells, and cell migration events regulate immune responses.  We identified murine plasmacytoid dendritic cells, the cell type that causes pulmonary immune pathology during influenza infection, the dendritic cell type that stimulates Th1 immune responses, and the cell type that induces neuronal injury in Alzheimer's disease.  Our current work continues these basic studies while applying our findings to models of human disease. 

Current Research 

Identification and characterization of inflammatory cell populations in models of human disease – We have developed advanced methods of flow cytometric analysis that allows us to quantify and fully characterize all inflammatory cell types in murine and human tissues.  Using these methods, we are working to identify the cells that mediate a variety of immune pathologies.  Examples include the identification of immune-stimulatory and immune-suppressive cell types in brain tumors, identification of the cells that induce vascular changes pulmonary hypertension, and characterization of the inflammatory response to a variety of infectious pathogens.

Tumor immune therapeutics – We have developed a novel cellular vaccine strategy for the treatment of cancer.  This strategy is much simpler, more cost effective, more clinically feasible, and much more efficacious than classic dendritic cell vaccines.  We are now testing this vaccine in various preclinical tumor models including melanoma and glioblastoma and will soon be advancing it to initial human clinical trials.

Treatment of Acute Lung Injury – We have identified the first small molecule pharmacologic agent that is effective in reducing respiratory dysfunction, vascular leak, tissue injury, and mortality during Acute Lung Injury.  We are currently validating this agent in animal models of chemical-induced ALI and testing its efficacy in reducing ALI caused by other agents such as influenza and smoke inhalation.  We hope to develop this agent as the first effective pharmacologic treatment for ALI in humans.

Development of recombinant antibodies as diagnostic reagents – Our lab has developed novel methods to generate recombinant single chain antibodies using phage display technology.  We are currently using these methods to generate pathogen-specific antibodies for use in diagnostic tests for a variety of human bacterial, viral, and fungal infections.  In collaboration with Duke Biomedical Engineering, we are testing the use of our antibodies in a novel diagnostic assay platform to develop point-of-care assays for the diagnosis of infections by agents such as Zika virus, Dengue virus, Salmonella typhi, and Aspergillus fumigatus.

Education and Training

  • Fellowship in Cardiology, Cardiology, University of California - San Francisco, 1197
  • Internship and Residency, Internal Medicine, Parkland Health & Hospital System, 1197
  • M.D., UT Southwestern Medical School, 1983

Publications

Yu, Y-RA, Mao, L, Piantadosi, CA, and Gunn, MD. "CCR2 deficiency, dysregulation of Notch signaling, and spontaneous pulmonary arterial hypertension." American Journal of Respiratory Cell and Molecular Biology 48, no. 5 (May 2013): 647-654.

PMID
23492191
Full Text

Gwinn, WM, Johnson, BT, Kirwan, SM, Sobel, AE, Abraham, SN, Gunn, MD, and Staats, HF. "A comparison of non-toxin vaccine adjuvants for their ability to enhance the immunogenicity of nasally-administered anthrax recombinant protective antigen." Vaccine 31, no. 11 (March 1, 2013): 1480-1489.

PMID
23352329
Full Text

Keum, S, Lee, HK, Chu, P-L, Kan, MJ, Huang, M-N, Gallione, CJ, Gunn, MD, Lo, DC, and Marchuk, DA. "Natural genetic variation of integrin alpha L (Itgal) modulates ischemic brain injury in stroke." Plos Genetics 9, no. 10 (January 2013): e1003807-null.

PMID
24130503
Full Text

Inoue, M, Williams, KL, Gunn, MD, and Shinohara, ML. "NLRP3 inflammasome induces chemotactic immune cell migration to the CNS in experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis." Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 109, no. 26 (June 26, 2012): 10480-10485.

PMID
22699511
Full Text

Liang, J, Jung, Y, Tighe, RM, Xie, T, Liu, N, Leonard, M, Gunn, MD, Jiang, D, and Noble, PW. "A macrophage subpopulation recruited by CC chemokine ligand-2 clears apoptotic cells in noninfectious lung injury." American Journal of Physiology. Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology 302, no. 9 (May 2012): L933-L940.

PMID
22287613
Full Text

Thompson, AL, Johnson, BT, Sempowski, GD, Gunn, MD, Hou, B, DeFranco, AL, and Staats, HF. "Maximal adjuvant activity of nasally delivered IL-1α requires adjuvant-responsive CD11c(+) cells and does not correlate with adjuvant-induced in vivo cytokine production." J Immunol 188, no. 6 (March 15, 2012): 2834-2846.

PMID
22345651
Full Text

Tighe, RM, Li, Z, Potts, EN, Frush, S, Liu, N, Gunn, MD, Foster, WM, Noble, PW, and Hollingsworth, JW. "Ozone inhalation promotes CX3CR1-dependent maturation of resident lung macrophages that limit oxidative stress and inflammation." Journal of Immunology (Baltimore, Md. : 1950) 187, no. 9 (November 2011): 4800-4808.

PMID
21930959
Full Text

Tighe, RM, Liang, J, Liu, N, Jung, Y, Jiang, D, Gunn, MD, and Noble, PW. "Recruited exudative macrophages selectively produce CXCL10 after noninfectious lung injury." American Journal of Respiratory Cell and Molecular Biology 45, no. 4 (October 2011): 781-788.

PMID
21330464
Full Text

Dolan, S, Gunn, MD, Crossan, C, and Nolan, AM. "Activation of metabotropic glutamate receptor 7 in spinal cord inhibits pain and hyperalgesia in a novel formalin model in sheep." Behav Pharmacol 22, no. 5-6 (September 2011): 582-588.

PMID
21597362
Full Text

Spesock, AH, Barefoot, BE, Ray, CA, Kenan, DJ, Gunn, MD, Ramsburg, EA, and Pickup, DJ. "Cowpox virus induces interleukin-10 both in vitro and in vivo." Virology 417, no. 1 (August 15, 2011): 87-97.

PMID
21658738
Full Text

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