Nelson Jen An Chao, MD

Professor of Medicine
Donald D. and Elizabeth G. Cooke Cancer Research Professor
Professor in Immunology
Professor in Pathology
Member of the Duke Cancer Institute
Chief, Division of Cell Therapy in the Department of Medicine
Affiliate of the Regeneration Next Initiative
Campus mail Box 3961 Med Ctr, Durham, NC 27710
Phone (919) 668-1000
Email address nelson.chao@duke.edu

My research interests are in two broad areas, clinical hematopoietic stem cell and cord blood transplantation and in the laboratory studies related to graft vs. host disease and immune reconstitution. On the clinical side we are currently conducting approximately 50 different clinical protocols ranging from preparatory regimens, supportive care studies and disease specific protocols. Most of these clinical studies are centered around studies of the sources of stem cells and the methods to improve the long term outcome. There are exploratory protocols for novel therapies such as dendritic cell therapy for several malignancies, antiangiogenesis therapy, graft engineering to prevent graft-versus-host disease and antigen specific T cells or non specific NK cells to prevent relapse. Moreover a strong focus of the program is to develop cord-blood transplantation for adult patients with hematologic malignancies. The laboratory studies center on understanding the immunological events that occur with graft-vs-host disease and methods to prevent this disease. The current efforts focus on understanding murine reconstitution following transplantation, use of a peptide polymer to block MHC class II recognition of minor histocompatibility antigens, use of T cell engineering to prevent graft-versus-host disease at the same time preserving a graft-versus-malignancy effect.

For more information see http://ed-media.mc.duke.edu/BMT.nsf

In Their Words

Education and Training

  • Fellow in Oncology, Medicine, Stanford University, 1985 - 1987
  • Medical Resident, Medicine, Stanford University, 1981 - 1984
  • M.D., Yale University, 1981

Publications

Anand, S, Thomas, S, Corbet, K, Gasparetto, C, Long, GD, Lopez, R, Morris, AK, Rizzieri, DA, Sullivan, KM, Sung, AD, Sarantopoulos, S, Chao, NJ, and Horwitz, ME. "Adult Umbilical Cord Blood Transplantation Using Myeloablative Thiotepa, Total Body Irradiation, and Fludarabine Conditioning." November 2017.

PMID
28729147
Full Text

Racioppi, L, Lento, W, Huang, W, Arvai, S, Doan, PL, Harris, JR, Marcon, F, Nakaya, HI, Liu, Y, and Chao, N. "Calcium/calmodulin-dependent kinase kinase 2 regulates hematopoietic stem and progenitor cell regeneration." Cell Death & Disease 8, no. 10 (October 5, 2017): e3076-null.

PMID
28981105
Full Text

Anand, S, Thomas, S, Hyslop, T, Adcock, J, Corbet, K, Gasparetto, C, Lopez, R, Long, GD, Morris, AK, Rizzieri, DA, Sullivan, KM, Sung, AD, Sarantopoulos, S, Chao, NJ, and Horwitz, ME. "Transplantation of Ex Vivo Expanded Umbilical Cord Blood (NiCord) Decreases Early Infection and Hospitalization." Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation : Journal of the American Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation 23, no. 7 (July 2017): 1151-1157.

PMID
28392378
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Sivaraj, D, Green, MM, Kang, Y, Rizzieri, D, Diehl, LF, Beaven, AW, Li, Z, Garrett, A, McIntyre, J, Long, GD, Chao, NJA, and Gasparetto, C. "Phase I/II dose expansion of a trial investigating bendamustine and pomalidomide with dexamethasone (BPd) in patients with relapsed/refractory multiple myeloma.": American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO), May 20, 2017.

Full Text

Hamadani, M, Kanate, AS, DiGilio, A, Ahn, KW, Smith, SM, Lee, JW, Ayala, E, Chao, N, Hari, P, Bolaños-Meade, J, Gress, R, Smedegaard Anderson, N, Chen, Y-B, Farooq, U, Schiller, G, Yared, J, Sureda, A, Fenske, TS, and Olteanu, H. "Allogeneic Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation for Aggressive NK Cell Leukemia. A Center for International Blood and Marrow Transplant Research Analysis." Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation : Journal of the American Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation 23, no. 5 (May 2017): 853-856.

PMID
28161608
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Ghazikhanian, SE, Dorfman, CS, Somers, TJ, O'Sullivan, ML, Fisher, HM, Edmond, SN, Wren, AA, Kelleher, SA, Rowe Nichols, KA, Chao, N, and Shelby, RA. "Cognitive problems following hematopoietic stem cell transplant: relationships with sleep, depression and fatigue." Bone Marrow Transplantation 52, no. 2 (February 2017): 279-284.

PMID
27941775
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Sivaraj, D, Green, MM, Li, Z, Sung, AD, Sarantopoulos, S, Kang, Y, Long, GD, Horwitz, ME, Lopez, RD, Sullivan, KM, Rizzieri, DA, Chao, NJ, and Gasparetto, C. "Outcomes of Maintenance Therapy with Bortezomib after Autologous Stem Cell Transplantation for Patients with Multiple Myeloma." Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation : Journal of the American Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation 23, no. 2 (February 2017): 262-268.

PMID
27856369
Full Text

Chao, NJ. "Meet our editorial board member." Current Stem Cell Research and Therapy 12, no. 6 (January 1, 2017): 441-null.

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Himburg, HA, Doan, PL, Quarmyne, M, Yan, X, Sasine, J, Zhao, L, Hancock, GV, Kan, J, Pohl, KA, Tran, E, Chao, NJ, Harris, JR, and Chute, JP. "Dickkopf-1 promotes hematopoietic regeneration via direct and niche-mediated mechanisms." Nature Medicine 23, no. 1 (January 2017): 91-99.

PMID
27918563
Full Text

Yan, X, Himburg, HA, Pohl, K, Quarmyne, M, Tran, E, Zhang, Y, Fang, T, Kan, J, Chao, NJ, Zhao, L, Doan, PL, and Chute, JP. "Deletion of the Imprinted Gene Grb10 Promotes Hematopoietic Stem Cell Self-Renewal and Regeneration." Cell Reports 17, no. 6 (November 2016): 1584-1594.

PMID
27806297
Full Text

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