Jatin Roper, MD

Assistant Professor of Medicine
Affiliate of the Regeneration Next Initiative
Member of the Duke Cancer Institute
Campus mail 905 S. Lasalle Street, Gsrb-1, Room 1033, Durham, NC 27710
Phone (919) 660-2923
Email address jatin.roper@duke.edu

My laboratory is interested in understanding the molecular mechanisms of stem cell function in the normal intestine and in colorectal cancer using innovative three-dimensional organoid and in vivo platforms. We demonstrated that high fat diet-induced obesity activates peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor delta (PPARd) signaling in intestinal stem cells and progenitor cells, which increases stem cell regeneration and tumor initiation in the colon. We also pioneered novel orthotopic transplantation and in situ CRISPR/Cas9 gene editing models of colorectal cancer that recapitulate the adenoma-carcinoma-metastasis sequence. Research in the laboratory is focused on three main areas: 1) Immune regulation of the intestinal epithelium and colorectal cancer; 2) The effects of diet-induced obesity on regeneration in the intestine; and 3) analysis of colorectal cancer heterogeneity with single-cell mRNA sequencing and genetically engineered mouse models. The overall goal of this research is to develop new treatment approaches for intestinal diseases such as inflammatory bowel disease and colorectal cancer. I am also a gastroenterologist at Duke University Hospital and the Durham VA Hospital. My clinical interests include colorectal cancer screening and gastrointestinal cancer genetics.

Education and Training

  • Postdoctoral Fellow (mentor: Omer H. Yilmaz, M.D., PhD), Koch Institute for Integrative Cancer Research at MIT, 2014 - 2018
  • Postdoctoral Fellow in Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Tufts University School of Medicine, 2011 - 2014
  • Fellowship in Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Tufts University School of Medicine, 2008 - 2012
  • Residency in Internal Medicine, New York University School of Medicine, 2006 - 2008
  • Michael Saperstein Medical Scholar, New York University School of Medicine, 2005 - 2006
  • Internship in Internal Medicine, New York University School of Medicine, 2004 - 2005
  • M.D., Boston University School of Medicine, 2004

Publications

Almeqdadi, Mohammad, Miyeko D. Mana, Jatin Roper, and Ömer H. Yilmaz. “Gut organoids: mini-tissues in culture to study intestinal physiology and disease..” Am J Physiol Cell Physiol 317, no. 3 (September 1, 2019): C405–19. https://doi.org/10.1152/ajpcell.00300.2017.

PMID
31216420
Full Text

Sullivan, Brian, and Jatin Roper. “Single Dose Aspirin Prior To Fecal Immunochemical Testing Does Not Increase Sensitivity for Advanced Colorectal Neoplasia..” Gastroenterology, August 7, 2019. https://doi.org/10.1053/j.gastro.2019.08.002.

PMID
31400365
Full Text

Serebrennikova, Oksana B., Maria D. Paraskevopoulou, Elia Aguado-Fraile, Vasiliki Taraslia, Wenying Ren, Geeta Thapa, Jatin Roper, Keyong Du, Carlo M. Croce, and Philip N. Tsichlis. “The combination of TPL2 knockdown and TNFα causes synthetic lethality via caspase-8 activation in human carcinoma cell lines..” Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 116, no. 28 (July 9, 2019): 14039–48. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1901465116.

PMID
31239343
Full Text

Pentinmikko, Nalle, Sharif Iqbal, Miyeko Mana, Simon Andersson, Armand B. Cognetta, Radu M. Suciu, Jatin Roper, et al. “Notum produced by Paneth cells attenuates regeneration of aged intestinal epithelium..” Nature 571, no. 7765 (July 2019): 398–402. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41586-019-1383-0.

PMID
31292548
Full Text

Lannagan, Tamsin R. M., Young K. Lee, Tongtong Wang, Jatin Roper, Mark L. Bettington, Lochlan Fennell, Laura Vrbanac, et al. “Genetic editing of colonic organoids provides a molecularly distinct and orthotopic preclinical model of serrated carcinogenesis..” Gut 68, no. 4 (April 2019): 684–92. https://doi.org/10.1136/gutjnl-2017-315920.

PMID
29666172
Full Text

Chan, Edmond M., Tsukasa Shibue, James M. McFarland, Benjamin Gaeta, Mahmoud Ghandi, Nancy Dumont, Alfredo Gonzalez, et al. “WRN helicase is a synthetic lethal target in microsatellite unstable cancers..” Nature 568, no. 7753 (April 2019): 551–56. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41586-019-1102-x.

PMID
30971823
Full Text

Goncalves, Marcus D., Changyuan Lu, Jordan Tutnauer, Travis E. Hartman, Seo-Kyoung Hwang, Charles J. Murphy, Chantal Pauli, et al. “High-fructose corn syrup enhances intestinal tumor growth in mice..” Science 363, no. 6433 (March 22, 2019): 1345–49. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.aat8515.

PMID
30898933
Full Text

Peng, B., M. Almeqdadi, F. Laroche, S. Palantavida, M. Dokukin, J. Roper, O. H. Yilmaz, H. Feng, and I. Sokolov. “Ultrabright fluorescent cellulose acetate nanoparticles for imaging tumors through systemic and topical applications.” Materials Today 23 (March 1, 2019): 16–25. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mattod.2018.11.001.

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