L. Ebony Boulware, MD

Professor of Medicine
Eleanor Easley Distinguished Professor in the School of Medicine
Chief, Division of General Internal Medicine in the Department of Medicine
Director, Duke Clinical and Translational Science Award
Vice Dean for Translational Sciences
Professor in the Department of Family Medicine and Community Health
Professor Track - V in Population Health Sciences
Affiliate of the Center for Biobehavioral Health Disparities Research
Campus mail 200 Morris Street, 3rd Floor, Durham, NC 27701
Phone (919) 681-4653
Email address ebony.boulware@duke.edu

Dr. Ebony Boulware is a general internist and clinical and translational scientist. She is devoted to improving health and health equity, particularly for individuals affected by chronic health conditions such as kidney disease and hypertension. She serves as Chief of the Division of General Internal Medicine in the Department of Medicine, Vice Dean for Translational Science, and Associate Vice Chancellor for Translational Research at Duke University. 

Dr. Boulware is committed to improving equity, transparency, and trustworthiness in science and medicine. She frequently directly engages individuals, their family members, community members, and other stakeholders in her work. As Director of the Duke Clinical and Translational Science Institute, she helps researchers conduct transformational studies to impact the health and health equity of individuals, their families, and their communities. 

Dr. Boulware's research has been continuously funded by the National Institutes for Health, the Patient Centered Outcomes Research Institute, other government agencies, and foundations throughout her career. She has published over 180 manuscripts, book chapters, and editorials, and she mentors numerous students, fellows, and faculty members.  Dr. Boulware is an elected member of the American Society for Clinical Investigation and the National Academy of Medicine.

PubMed Listing Here (Link)


A.B. Vassar College
M.D. Duke University
M.P.H. Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health

Education and Training

  • Research Fellow, General Internal Medicine, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, 1999 - 2002
  • Chief Resident, General Internal Medicine, University of Maryland School of Medicine, 1998 - 1999
  • Residency, General Internal Medicine, University of Maryland School of Medicine, 1996 - 1998
  • Internship, General Internal Medicine, University of Maryland School of Medicine, 1995 - 1996
  • M.P.H., Johns Hopkins University, 1999
  • M.D., Duke University School of Medicine, 1995


Purnell, Tanjala S., Dinee C. Simpson, Clive O. Callender, and L Ebony Boulware. “Dismantling Structural Racism as a Root Cause of Racial Disparities in COVID-19 and Transplantation.” Am J Transplant, February 18, 2021. https://doi.org/10.1111/ajt.16543.

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Pilla, Scott J., Jenny Park, Jessica L. Schwartz, Michael C. Albert, Patti L. Ephraim, L Ebony Boulware, Nestoras N. Mathioudakis, Nisa M. Maruthur, Mary Catherine Beach, and Raquel C. Greer. “Hypoglycemia Communication in Primary Care Visits for Patients with Diabetes.” J Gen Intern Med, January 21, 2021. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11606-020-06385-x.

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Boulware, L Ebony, and Dinushika Mohottige. “The Seen and the Unseen: Race and Social Inequities Affecting Kidney Care.” Clin J Am Soc Nephrol, January 13, 2021. https://doi.org/10.2215/CJN.12630820.

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Norris, Keith C., Nwamaka D. Eneanya, and L Ebony Boulware. “Removal of Race From Estimates of Kidney Function: First, Do No Harm.” Jama 325, no. 2 (January 12, 2021): 135–37. https://doi.org/10.1001/jama.2020.23373.

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DePasquale, Nicole, Matthew J. Ellis, Debra L. Sudan, Patti L. Ephraim, Lisa M. McElroy, Dinushika Mohottige, Clemontina A. Davenport, et al. “African Americans' discussions about living-donor kidney transplants with family or friends: Who, what, and why not?” Clin Transplant, January 10, 2021, e14222. https://doi.org/10.1111/ctr.14222.

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Boulware, L Ebony, Tanjala S. Purnell, and Dinushika Mohottige. “Systemic Kidney Transplant Inequities for Black Individuals: Examining the Contribution of Racialized Kidney Function Estimating Equations.” Jama Netw Open 4, no. 1 (January 4, 2021): e2034630. https://doi.org/10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.34630.

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Riley, Isaretta L., Bryonna Jackson, Donna Crabtree, Shaun Riebl, Loretta G. Que, Roy Pleasants, and L Ebony Boulware. “A Scoping Review of International Barriers to Asthma Medication Adherence Mapped to the Theoretical Domains Framework.” J Allergy Clin Immunol Pract 9, no. 1 (January 2021): 410-418.e4. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jaip.2020.08.021.

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Shavadia, Jay S., Jonathan Wilson, Daniel Edmonston, Alyssa Platt, Patti Ephraim, Rasheeda Hall, Benjamin A. Goldstein, et al. “Statins and atherosclerotic cardiovascular outcomes in patients on incident dialysis and with atherosclerotic heart disease.” Am Heart J 231 (January 2021): 36–44. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ahj.2020.10.055.

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Shlipak, Michael G., Sri Lekha Tummalapalli, L Ebony Boulware, Morgan E. Grams, Joachim H. Ix, Vivekanand Jha, Andre-Pascal Kengne, et al. “The case for early identification and intervention of chronic kidney disease: conclusions from a Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes (KDIGO) Controversies Conference.” In Kidney Int, 99:34–47, 2021. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.kint.2020.10.012.

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Shaw, Brian I., Mariya L. Samoylova, Scott Sanoff, Andrew S. Barbas, Debra L. Sudan, L Ebony Boulware, and Lisa M. McElroy. “Need for improvements in simultaneous heart-kidney allocation: The limitation of pretransplant glomerular filtration rate.” Am J Transplant, December 22, 2020. https://doi.org/10.1111/ajt.16466.

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