L. Ebony Boulware, MD

Professor of Medicine
Eleanor Easley Distinguished Professor in the School of Medicine
Chief, Division of General Internal Medicine in the Department of Medicine
Director, Duke Clinical and Translational Science Award
Vice Dean for Translational Sciences
Professor in the Department of Family Medicine and Community Health
Professor in Population Health Sciences
Affiliate of the Center for Biobehavioral Health Disparities Research
Campus mail 200 Morris Street, 3rd Floor, Durham, NC 27701
Phone (919) 681-4653
Email address ebony.boulware@duke.edu

Dr. Ebony Boulware is a general internist, physician-scientist and clinical epidemiologist focused on improving health and health equity for individuals and communities affected by chronic health conditions such as kidney disease. A national thought leader in health equity, she has identified patient, clinician, system, and community-level barriers that result in disparate outcomes for Black and other minoretized individuals. Using pragmatic trials, she has developed successful interventions, shaped guidelines, raised physician awareness and changed clinical practice.  Throughout her work, Dr. Boulware has sought to improve transparency and trustworthiness in science and medicine. 

Dr. Boulware is also the Chief of the  Duke Division of General Internal Medicine in the Department of Medicine, and she directs the Duke Clinical and Translational Science Institute as Vice Dean for Translational Science, and Associate Vice Chancellor for Translational Research. Her research has been continuously funded by the National Institutes for Health, the Patient Centered Outcomes Research Institute, and other organizations throughout her career. She has published over 180 manuscripts, book chapters, and editorials, and she mentors numerous students, residents, fellows, and faculty members.  Dr. Boulware is an elected member of the American Society for Clinical Investigation, the National Academy of Medicine, and the American Academy of Arts and Sciences.

PubMed Listing Here (Link)


  • A.B. Vassar College, 1991
  • M.D. Duke University, 1995
  • M.P.H. Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 1999

Education and Training

  • Research Fellow, General Internal Medicine, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, 1999 - 2002
  • Chief Resident, General Internal Medicine, University of Maryland School of Medicine, 1998 - 1999
  • Residency, General Internal Medicine, University of Maryland School of Medicine, 1996 - 1998
  • Internship, General Internal Medicine, University of Maryland School of Medicine, 1995 - 1996
  • M.P.H., Johns Hopkins University, 1999
  • M.D., Duke University School of Medicine, 1995


DePasquale, Nicole, Matthew J. Ellis, Debra L. Sudan, Patti L. Ephraim, Lisa M. McElroy, Dinushika Mohottige, Clemontina A. Davenport, et al. “African Americans' discussions about living-donor kidney transplants with family or friends: Who, what, and why not?” Clin Transplant 35, no. 4 (April 2021): e14222. https://doi.org/10.1111/ctr.14222.

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Purnell, Tanjala S., Dinee C. Simpson, Clive O. Callender, and L Ebony Boulware. “Dismantling structural racism as a root cause of racial disparities in COVID-19 and transplantation.” Am J Transplant, February 18, 2021. https://doi.org/10.1111/ajt.16543.

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Grubbs, Vanessa, Bernard G. Jaar, Kerri L. Cavanaugh, Patti L. Ephraim, Jessica M. Ameling, Courtney Cook, Raquel C. Greer, and L Ebony Boulware. “Impact of pre-dialysis nephrology care engagement and decision-making on provider and patient action toward permanent vascular access.” Bmc Nephrol 22, no. 1 (February 16, 2021): 60. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12882-021-02264-7.

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Pilla, Scott J., Jenny Park, Jessica L. Schwartz, Michael C. Albert, Patti L. Ephraim, L Ebony Boulware, Nestoras N. Mathioudakis, Nisa M. Maruthur, Mary Catherine Beach, and Raquel C. Greer. “Hypoglycemia Communication in Primary Care Visits for Patients with Diabetes.” J Gen Intern Med, January 21, 2021. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11606-020-06385-x.

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Boulware, L Ebony, and Dinushika Mohottige. “The Seen and the Unseen: Race and Social Inequities Affecting Kidney Care.” Clin J Am Soc Nephrol, January 13, 2021. https://doi.org/10.2215/CJN.12630820.

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Boulware, L Ebony, Tanjala S. Purnell, and Dinushika Mohottige. “Systemic Kidney Transplant Inequities for Black Individuals: Examining the Contribution of Racialized Kidney Function Estimating Equations.” Jama Netw Open 4, no. 1 (January 4, 2021): e2034630. https://doi.org/10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.34630.

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Norris, Keith C., Nwamaka D. Eneanya, and L Ebony Boulware. “Removal of Race From Estimates of Kidney Function: First, Do No Harm.” Jama 325, no. 2 (January 2021): 135–37. https://doi.org/10.1001/jama.2020.23373.

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Shlipak, Michael G., Sri Lekha Tummalapalli, L Ebony Boulware, Morgan E. Grams, Joachim H. Ix, Vivekanand Jha, Andre-Pascal Kengne, et al. “The case for early identification and intervention of chronic kidney disease: conclusions from a Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes (KDIGO) Controversies Conference.” In Kidney Int, 99:34–47, 2021. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.kint.2020.10.012.

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Riley, Isaretta L., Bryonna Jackson, Donna Crabtree, Shaun Riebl, Loretta G. Que, Roy Pleasants, and L Ebony Boulware. “A Scoping Review of International Barriers to Asthma Medication Adherence Mapped to the Theoretical Domains Framework.” J Allergy Clin Immunol Pract 9, no. 1 (January 2021): 410-418.e4. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jaip.2020.08.021.

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