Nelson Jen An Chao, MD

Professor of Medicine
Donald D. and Elizabeth G. Cooke Cancer Distinguished Research Professor
Professor in Immunology
Research Professor of Global Health
Professor in Pathology
Member of the Duke Cancer Institute
Chief, Division of Cell Therapy in the Department of Medicine
Affiliate of the Regeneration Next Initiative
Campus mail 2400 Pratt St Suite 5000, DUMC Box 3961, Durham, NC 27710
Phone (919) 668-1000
Email address nelson.chao@duke.edu

My research interests are in two broad areas, clinical hematopoietic stem cell and cord blood transplantation and in the laboratory studies related to graft vs. host disease and immune reconstitution. On the clinical side we are currently conducting approximately 50 different clinical protocols ranging from preparatory regimens, supportive care studies and disease specific protocols. Most of these clinical studies are centered around studies of the sources of stem cells and the methods to improve the long term outcome. There are exploratory protocols for novel therapies such as dendritic cell therapy for several malignancies, antiangiogenesis therapy, graft engineering to prevent graft-versus-host disease and antigen specific T cells or non specific NK cells to prevent relapse. Moreover a strong focus of the program is to develop cord-blood transplantation for adult patients with hematologic malignancies. The laboratory studies center on understanding the immunological events that occur with graft-vs-host disease and methods to prevent this disease. The current efforts focus on understanding murine reconstitution following transplantation, use of a peptide polymer to block MHC class II recognition of minor histocompatibility antigens, use of T cell engineering to prevent graft-versus-host disease at the same time preserving a graft-versus-malignancy effect.

For more information see http://ed-media.mc.duke.edu/BMT.nsf

In Their Words

Education and Training

  • Fellow in Oncology, Medicine, Stanford University, 1985 - 1987
  • Medical Resident, Medicine, Stanford University, 1981 - 1984
  • M.D., Yale University, 1981

Publications

Smith, Patrick, Jillian C. Thompson, Elena Perea, Brian Wasserman, Lauren Bohannon, Alessandro Racioppi, Taewoong Choi, et al. “Clinical and Neuroimaging Correlates of Post-Transplant Delirium.” In Biol Blood Marrow Transplant, 2020. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bbmt.2020.09.016.

PMID
32961373
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Cardones, Adela R., Russell P. Hall, Keith M. Sullivan, Joanna Hooten, Seung Yun Lee, Beiyu Liu, Cynthia L. Green, et al. “Quantifying skin stiffness in graft-versus-host disease, morphea and systemic sclerosis using acoustic radiation force impulse imaging and shear wave elastography.” J Invest Dermatol, September 17, 2020. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jid.2020.07.031.

PMID
32950506
Full Text

Hildebrandt, G. C., and N. Chao. “Endothelial cell function and endothelial-related disorders following haematopoietic cell transplantation.” British Journal of Haematology 190, no. 4 (August 1, 2020): 508–19. https://doi.org/10.1111/bjh.16621.

Full Text

Sung, Anthony D., Richard C. Yen, Yiqun Jiao, Alyssa Bernanke, Deborah A. Lewis, Sara E. Miller, Zhiguo Li, et al. “Fibrinogen-Coated Albumin Nanospheres Prevent Thrombocytopenia-Related Bleeding.” Radiat Res 194, no. 2 (August 1, 2020): 162–72. https://doi.org/10.1667/RADE-20-00016.

PMID
32845987
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Algwaiz, Ghada, Mahmoud Aljurf, Mickey Koh, Mary M. Horowitz, Per Ljungman, Daniel Weisdorf, Wael Saber, et al. “Real-World Issues and Potential Solutions in Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation during the COVID-19 Pandemic: Perspectives from the Worldwide Network for Blood and Marrow Transplantation and Center for International Blood and Marrow Transplant Research Health Services and International Studies Committee.” Biol Blood Marrow Transplant, July 24, 2020. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bbmt.2020.07.021.

PMID
32717432
Full Text

Sung, Anthony D., Krista R. Nichols, and Nelson J. Chao. “House calls for stem cell transplant patients during the COVID-19 pandemic.” Blood 136, no. 3 (July 16, 2020): 370–71. https://doi.org/10.1182/blood.2020006573.

PMID
32488235
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Maung, Ko K., Benny J. Chen, Ian Barak, Zhiguo Li, David A. Rizzieri, Cristina Gasparetto, Keith M. Sullivan, et al. “Phase I dose escalation study of naive T-cell depleted donor lymphocyte infusion following allogeneic stem cell transplantation.” Bone Marrow Transplant, July 5, 2020. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41409-020-0991-5.

PMID
32624583
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Markey, Kate A., Jonas Schluter, Antonio L. C. Gomes, Eric R. Littmann, Amanda J. Pickard, Bradford P. Taylor, Paul A. Giardina, et al. “The microbe-derived short-chain fatty acids butyrate and propionate are associated with protection from chronic GVHD.” Blood 136, no. 1 (July 2, 2020): 130–36. https://doi.org/10.1182/blood.2019003369.

PMID
32430495
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Sung, Anthony D., Shekeab Jauhari, Sharareh Siamakpour-Reihani, Arati V. Rao, Janet Staats, Cliburn Chan, Everett Meyer, et al. “Microtransplantation in older patients with AML: A pilot study of safety, efficacy and immunologic effects.” Am J Hematol 95, no. 6 (June 2020): 662–71. https://doi.org/10.1002/ajh.25781.

PMID
32162718
Full Text

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