L. Ebony Boulware, MD

Professor of Medicine
Nanaline Duke Distinguished Professor of Medicine
Chief, Division of General Internal Medicine in the Department of Medicine
Director, Duke Clinical and Translational Science Award
Vice Dean for Translational Sciences
Professor in the Department of Family Medicine and Community Health
Professor in Population Health Sciences
Affiliate of the Center for Biobehavioral Health Disparities Research
Associate of the Duke Initiative for Science & Society
Campus mail 200 Morris Street, 3rd Floor, Durham, NC 27701
Phone (919) 681-4653
Email address ebony.boulware@duke.edu

Dr. Boulware directs the Duke Clinical and Translational Science Institute as Vice Dean for Translational Science and Associate Vice Chancellor for Translational Research, and she is Chief of the Duke Division of General Internal Medicine in the Department of Medicine. She is a general internist, physician-scientist and clinical epidemiologist focused on improving health and health equity for individuals and communities affected by chronic health conditions such as kidney disease. A national thought leader in health equity, she has identified patient, clinician, system, and community-level barriers that result in disparate outcomes for Black and other marginalized individuals. Using pragmatic trials, she has developed successful interventions, shaped guidelines, raised physician awareness and changed clinical practice.  Throughout her work, Dr. Boulware has sought to improve transparency and trustworthiness in science and medicine. 

Her research has been continuously funded by the National Institutes for Health, the Patient Centered Outcomes Research Institute, and other organizations throughout her career. She has published over 200 manuscripts, book chapters, and editorials, and she mentors numerous students, residents, fellows, and faculty members.  Dr. Boulware is an elected member of the American Society for Clinical Investigation, the National Academy of Medicine, and the American Academy of Arts and Sciences.

PubMed Listing Here (Link)


  • A.B. Vassar College, 1991
  • M.D. Duke University, 1995
  • M.P.H. Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 1999

Websites (Links)

Education and Training

  • Research Fellow, General Internal Medicine, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, 1999 - 2002
  • Chief Resident, General Internal Medicine, University of Maryland School of Medicine, 1998 - 1999
  • Residency, General Internal Medicine, University of Maryland School of Medicine, 1996 - 1998
  • Internship, General Internal Medicine, University of Maryland School of Medicine, 1995 - 1996
  • M.P.H., Johns Hopkins University, 1999
  • M.D., Duke University School of Medicine, 1995


Mohottige, Dinushika, Lisa M. McElroy, and L Ebony Boulware. “A Cascade of Structural Barriers Contributing to Racial Kidney Transplant Inequities.” Adv Chronic Kidney Dis 28, no. 6 (November 2021): 517–27. https://doi.org/10.1053/j.ackd.2021.10.009.

Full Text

Jackson, Chandra L., Chizoba Umesi, Symielle A. Gaston, Ali Azarbarzin, Joseph Lunyera, John A. McGrath, W Braxton Jackson Ii, et al. “Multiple, objectively measured sleep dimensions including hypoxic burden and chronic kidney disease: findings from the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis.” Thorax 76, no. 7 (July 2021): 704–13. https://doi.org/10.1136/thoraxjnl-2020-214713.

Full Text

Shaw, Brian I., Mariya L. Samoylova, Scott Sanoff, Andrew S. Barbas, Debra L. Sudan, L Ebony Boulware, and Lisa M. McElroy. “Need for improvements in simultaneous heart-kidney allocation: The limitation of pretransplant glomerular filtration rate.” Am J Transplant 21, no. 7 (July 2021): 2468–78. https://doi.org/10.1111/ajt.16466.

Full Text

Purnell, Tanjala S., Dinee C. Simpson, Clive O. Callender, and L Ebony Boulware. “Dismantling structural racism as a root cause of racial disparities in COVID-19 and transplantation.” Am J Transplant 21, no. 7 (July 2021): 2327–32. https://doi.org/10.1111/ajt.16543.

Full Text

Green, Jamie A., Patti L. Ephraim, Felicia Hill-Briggs, Teri Browne, Tara S. Strigo, Chelsie L. Hauer, Christina Yule, et al. “Integrated Digital Health System Tools to Support Decision Making and Treatment Preparation in CKD: The PREPARE NOW Study.” Kidney Med 3, no. 4 (July 2021): 565-575.e1. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.xkme.2021.03.009.

Full Text

Harding, Ceshae, Patti L. Ephraim, Clemontina A. Davenport, Lisa M. McElroy, Dinushika Mohottige, Nicole DePasquale, Joseph Lunyera, and L. E. Boulware. “ASSOCIATION OF AGE AND GENDER WITH CONCERNS ABOUT LIVE DONOR KIDNEY TRANSPLANTATION AMONG AFRICAN AMERICANS.” In Journal of General Internal Medicine, 36:S57–S57, 2021.


Johnson, Kimberly S., Rasheed Gbadegesin, Amanda E. McMillan, Stephanie Molner, L Ebony Boulware, and Laura P. Svetkey. “Diversifying the Research Workforce as a Programmatic Priority for a Career Development Award Program at Duke University.” Acad Med 96, no. 6 (June 1, 2021): 836–41. https://doi.org/10.1097/ACM.0000000000004002.

Full Text

Boulware, L Ebony, Debra L. Sudan, Tara S. Strigo, Patti L. Ephraim, Clemontina A. Davenport, Jane F. Pendergast, Iris Pounds, et al. “Transplant social worker and donor financial assistance to increase living donor kidney transplants among African Americans: The TALKS Study, a randomized comparative effectiveness trial.” Am J Transplant 21, no. 6 (June 2021): 2175–87. https://doi.org/10.1111/ajt.16403.

Full Text

Pilla, Scott J., Jenny Park, Jessica L. Schwartz, Michael C. Albert, Patti L. Ephraim, L Ebony Boulware, Nestoras N. Mathioudakis, Nisa M. Maruthur, Mary Catherine Beach, and Raquel C. Greer. “Hypoglycemia Communication in Primary Care Visits for Patients with Diabetes.” J Gen Intern Med 36, no. 6 (June 2021): 1533–42. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11606-020-06385-x.

Full Text