Vivian Hou Chu, MD

Associate Professor of Medicine
Member in the Duke Clinical Research Institute
Campus mail Duke Box 102359, DIV of Infectious Diseases, Durham, NC 27710
Phone (919) 668-7174
Email address vivian.chu@duke.edu

Dr. Chu's clinical research is focused on staphylococci and endocarditis (IE).  She is the director of the International Collaboration on Endocarditis (ICE), a group of investigators from 78 sites in 32 countries worldwide that is dedicated to further the understanding of infective endocarditis.  The ICE database comprises > 5000 cases of endocarditis and is designed to answer questions that could not be answered from a single-center study. The current focus of this group is surgical-decision making in the treatment of endocarditis. Another major focus of Dr. Chu's research is on the relationship between oral hygiene and risk for developing infective endocarditis.

Education and Training

  • Fellow in Infectious Diseases, Medicine, Duke University, 2003 - 2006
  • Medical Resident, Medicine, Duke University, 2000 - 2003
  • M.D., Columbia University, 2000

Publications

Pericàs, Juan M., Jaume Llopis, Maria Jesús Jiménez-Exposito, Wissam M. Kourany, Benito Almirante, Giampiero Carosi, Emanuele Durante-Mangoni, et al. “Infective Endocarditis in Patients on Chronic Hemodialysis.” J Am Coll Cardiol 77, no. 13 (April 6, 2021): 1629–40. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jacc.2021.02.014.

PMID
33795037
Full Text

Pericàs, Juan M., Jaume Llopis, Eugene Athan, Marta Hernández-Meneses, Margaret M. Hannan, David R. Murdoch, Zeina Kanafani, et al. “Prospective Cohort Study of Infective Endocarditis in People Who Inject Drugs.” J Am Coll Cardiol 77, no. 5 (February 9, 2021): 544–55. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jacc.2020.11.062.

PMID
33538252
Full Text

Fernández Hidalgo, Núria, Amal A. Gharamti, María Luisa Aznar, Benito Almirante, Mohamad Yasmin, Claudio Querido Fortes, Patrick Plesiat, et al. “Beta-Hemolytic Streptococcal Infective Endocarditis: Characteristics and Outcomes From a Large, Multinational Cohort.” Open Forum Infect Dis 7, no. 5 (May 2020): ofaa120. https://doi.org/10.1093/ofid/ofaa120.

PMID
32462042
Full Text

Dallefeld, S. H., P. B. Smith, E. G. Crenshaw, K. R. Daniel, M. L. Gilleskie, D. S. Smith, S. Balevic, et al. “Comparative safety profile of chloral hydrate versus other sedatives for procedural sedation in hospitalized infants.” J Neonatal Perinatal Med 13, no. 2 (2020): 159–65. https://doi.org/10.3233/NPM-190214.

PMID
32538879
Full Text

Fosbøl, Emil L., Lawrence P. Park, Vivian H. Chu, Eugene Athan, Francois Delahaye, Tomas Freiberger, Cristiane Lamas, et al. “The association between vegetation size and surgical treatment on 6-month mortality in left-sided infective endocarditis.” In Eur Heart J, 40:2243–51, 2019. https://doi.org/10.1093/eurheartj/ehz204.

PMID
30977784
Full Text

Wang, Andrew, Vivian H. Chu, Eugene Athan, Francois Delahaye, Tomas Freiberger, Cristiane Lamas, Jose M. Miro, et al. “Corrigendum to "association between the timing of surgery for complicated, left-sided infective endocarditis and survival", American HeartJournal 2019, volume 210, April 2019, pages 108-116.” Am Heart J 212 (June 2019): 165. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ahj.2019.03.006.

PMID
31003633
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Hannan, Margaret M., Rongbing Xie, Jennifer Cowger, Stephan Schueler, Theo de By, Anne I. Dipchand, Vivian H. Chu, et al. “Epidemiology of infection in mechanical circulatory support: A global analysis from the ISHLT Mechanically Assisted Circulatory Support Registry.” J Heart Lung Transplant 38, no. 4 (April 2019): 364–73. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.healun.2019.01.007.

PMID
30733158
Full Text

Wang, Andrew, Vivian H. Chu, Eugene Athan, Francois Delahaye, Tomas Freiberger, Cristiane Lamas, Jose M. Miro, et al. “Association between the timing of surgery for complicated, left-sided infective endocarditis and survival.” Am Heart J 210 (April 2019): 108–16. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ahj.2019.01.004.

PMID
30802708
Full Text

Thornhill, Martin H., Mark J. Dayer, Vivian H. Chu, Patrick T. O’Gara, and Larry M. Baddour. “Reply: Intravenous Drug Use-Associated Endocarditis Complicating Research of Antibiotic Prophylaxis and Guideline Recommendations.” J Am Coll Cardiol 73, no. 8 (March 5, 2019): 985–86. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jacc.2019.01.001.

PMID
30819370
Full Text

Schranz, Asher J., Aaron Fleischauer, Vivian H. Chu, Li-Tzy Wu, and David L. Rosen. “Trends in Drug Use-Associated Infective Endocarditis and Heart Valve Surgery, 2007 to 2017: A Study of Statewide Discharge Data.” Ann Intern Med 170, no. 1 (January 1, 2019): 31–40. https://doi.org/10.7326/M18-2124.

PMID
30508432
Full Text

Pages