L. Ebony Boulware, MD

Professor of Medicine
Chief, Division of General Internal Medicine in the Department of Medicine
Director, Duke Clinical and Translational Science Award
Vice Dean for Translational Sciences
Professor in the Department of Community and Family Medicine
Professor Track - V in Population Health Sciences
Affiliate of the Center for Biobehavioral Health Disparities Research
Campus mail 411 West Chapel Hill St, Box 104427, Durham, NC 27701
Email address ebony.boulware@duke.edu

Ebony Boulware, MD MPH is a Professor of Medicine, Chief of the Division of General Internal Medicine in the Department of Medicine, Vice Dean for Translational Science and Associate Vice Chancellor for Translational Research in the School of Medicine at Duke University. She received an A.B. from Vassar College, an M.D. from Duke University, and a M.P.H. from the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health.

Dr. Boulware attended medical school at Duke University, followed by residency and a year as chief resident in Internal Medicine at the University of Maryland. She then completed a Research Fellowship in General Internal Medicine at Johns Hopkins, where she remained on faculty for over 10 years. In 2013, she was appointed Chief of the Division of General Internal Medicine in the Duke Department of Medicine. In 2015, she was appointed the Director of Duke’s Clinical and Translational Science Award. Subsequently, she became the inaugural Director of the Duke Clinical and Translational Science Institute.

Dr. Boulware has spent the majority of her scholarly career investigating mechanisms to improve the quality and equity of care and health outcomes of patients and populations with chronic diseases such as chronic kidney disease and hypertension. Dr. Boulware’s research has been funded by numerous organizations, including the National Institutes for Health, the Patient Centered Outcomes Research Institute, the Health Resources and Services Administration, the Agency for Health Care Research and Quality, and foundations. She has published over 120 manuscripts and she has mentored numerous students, fellows, and faculty members in clinical research. Dr. Boulware frequently engages community members, patients, their family members, and other stakeholders to develop and implement relevant and sustainable interventions to improve health. 

Education and Training

  • Research Fellow, General Internal Medicine, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, 1999 - 2002
  • Chief Resident, General Internal Medicine, University of Maryland School of Medicine, 1998 - 1999
  • Residency, General Internal Medicine, University of Maryland School of Medicine, 1996 - 1998
  • Internship, General Internal Medicine, University of Maryland School of Medicine, 1995 - 1996
  • M.P.H., Johns Hopkins University, 1999
  • M.D., Duke University School of Medicine, 1995


Navaneethan, SD, Boulware, LE, and Sedor, JR. "Patients as stakeholders in setting kidney disease research priorities." American Journal of Kidney Diseases : the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation 65, no. 5 (May 2015): 641-643.

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Greer, R, Ephraim, P, Powe, NR, Jaar, BG, Choi, MJ, Hill-Briggs, F, Kraus, E, Cook, C, Lewis-Boyer, L, Gimenez, L, Melancon, JK, and Boulware, LE. "SHOULD PRIMARY CARE PHYSICIANS REMAIN MORE INVOLVED IN THE CARE OF PATIENTS WITH ADVANCED CHRONIC KIDNEY DISEASE?." 38th Annual Meeting of the Society-of-General-Internal-Medicine (SGIM). Toronto, CANADA. April 22, 2015 - April 25, 2015.: SPRINGER, April 1, 2015.


Tangri, N, Miskulin, DC, Zhou, J, Bandeen-Roche, K, Michels, WM, Ephraim, PL, McDermott, A, Crews, DC, Scialla, JJ, Sozio, SM, Shafi, T, Jaar, BG, Meyer, K, Boulware, LE, and DEcIDE Network Patient Outcomes in End-Stage Renal Disease Study Investigators, . "Effect of intravenous iron use on hospitalizations in patients undergoing hemodialysis: a comparative effectiveness analysis from the DEcIDE-ESRD study." Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation : Official Publication of the European Dialysis and Transplant Association European Renal Association 30, no. 4 (April 2015): 667-675.

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Greer, RC, Ameling, JM, Cavanaugh, KL, Jaar, BG, Grubbs, V, Andrews, CE, Ephraim, P, Powe, NR, Lewis, J, Umeukeje, E, Gimenez, L, James, S, and Boulware, LE. "Specialist and primary care physicians' views on barriers to adequate preparation of patients for renal replacement therapy: a qualitative study." Bmc Nephrology 16 (March 28, 2015): 37-null.

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Bloomfield, GS, Wang, TY, Boulware, LE, Califf, RM, Hernandez, AF, Velazquez, EJ, Peterson, ED, and Li, JS. "Implementation of management strategies for diabetes and hypertension: from local to global health in cardiovascular diseases." Global Heart 10, no. 1 (March 2015): 31-38. (Review)

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Mobula, LM, Okoye, MT, Boulware, LE, Carson, KA, Marsteller, JA, and Cooper, LA. "Cultural competence and perceptions of community health workers' effectiveness for reducing health care disparities." Journal of Primary Care & Community Health 6, no. 1 (January 2015): 10-15.

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Greer, R, and Boulware, LE. "Reducing CKD risks among vulnerable populations in primary care." Advances in Chronic Kidney Disease 22, no. 1 (January 2015): 74-80. (Review)

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Johnson, AE, Boulware, LE, Anderson, CAM, Chit-ua-aree, T, Kahan, K, Boyér, LL, Liu, Y, and Crews, DC. "Perceived barriers and facilitators of using dietary modification for CKD prevention among African Americans of low socioeconomic status: a qualitative study." Bmc Nephrology 15 (December 6, 2014): 194-null.

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Johns, TS, Estrella, MM, Crews, DC, Appel, LJ, Anderson, CAM, Ephraim, PL, Cook, C, and Boulware, LE. "Neighborhood socioeconomic status, race, and mortality in young adult dialysis patients." Journal of the American Society of Nephrology : Jasn 25, no. 11 (November 2014): 2649-2657.

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Miskulin, DC, Tangri, N, Bandeen-Roche, K, Zhou, J, McDermott, A, Meyer, KB, Ephraim, PL, Michels, WM, Jaar, BG, Crews, DC, Scialla, JJ, Sozio, SM, Shafi, T, Wu, AW, Cook, C, Boulware, LE, and Developing Evidence to Inform Decisions about Effectiveness (DEcIDE) Network Patient Outcomes in End Stage Renal Disease Study Investigators, . "Intravenous iron exposure and mortality in patients on hemodialysis." Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology : Cjasn 9, no. 11 (November 2014): 1930-1939.

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