Connie Watkins Bales, PhD

Professor in Medicine
Senior Fellow in the Center for the Study of Aging and Human Development
Campus mail 2508 Busse Bldg, Durham, NC 27710
Phone (919) 660-7519
Email address bales001@mc.duke.edu

Research in our laboratory focuses on the role of nutrition (particularly vitamins and minerals) in the prevention and management of chronic diseases in older adults. Previous studies have concerned trace elements and cardiovascular disease, calcium and osteoporosis, and renal synthesis of vitamin D as it relates to bone health. Some of our newest work emphasizes the role of micronutrients as antioxidants and their interaction with the aging process. We are also working on various aspects of energy balance in older adults, ranging from failure to thrive in stroke patients with dysphagia to exercise and nutrition effects in overweight subjects who begin physical training. Thus we have a number of clinical and epidemiological projects on-going, many of which include a strong emphasis on nutrition assessment techniques in middle-aged and elderly subjects.

Education and Training

  • Ph.D., University of Tennessee at Knoxville, 1981

Publications

Kris-Etherton, Penny M., Sharon R. Akabas, Connie W. Bales, Bruce Bistrian, Lynne Braun, Marilyn S. Edwards, Celia Laur, et al. “The need to advance nutrition education in the training of health care professionals and recommended research to evaluate implementation and effectiveness.” Am J Clin Nutr 99, no. 5 Suppl (May 2014): 1153S-1166S. https://doi.org/10.3945/ajcn.113.073502.

PMID
24717343
Full Text

Porter Starr, Kathryn N., Shelley R. McDonald, and Connie W. Bales. “Obesity and physical frailty in older adults: a scoping review of lifestyle intervention trials.” J Am Med Dir Assoc 15, no. 4 (April 2014): 240–50. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jamda.2013.11.008.

PMID
24445063
Full Text

Huffman, Kim M., Jie-Lena Sun, Laine Thomas, Connie W. Bales, Robert M. Califf, Thomas Yates, Melanie J. Davies, et al. “Impact of baseline physical activity and diet behavior on metabolic syndrome in a pharmaceutical trial: results from NAVIGATOR.” Metabolism 63, no. 4 (April 2014): 554–61. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.metabol.2014.01.002.

PMID
24559843
Full Text

Yates, Thomas, Steven M. Haffner, Phillip J. Schulte, Laine Thomas, Kim M. Huffman, Connie W. Bales, Robert M. Califf, et al. “Association between change in daily ambulatory activity and cardiovascular events in people with impaired glucose tolerance (NAVIGATOR trial): a cohort analysis.” Lancet 383, no. 9922 (March 22, 2014): 1059–66. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(13)62061-9.

PMID
24361242
Full Text

Johnson, Mary Ann, and Connie W. Bales. “Is there a best body mass index for older adults? Moving closer to evidence-based recommendations regarding "overweight," health, and mortality.” J Nutr Gerontol Geriatr 33, no. 1 (2014): 1–9. https://doi.org/10.1080/21551197.2014.875817.

PMID
24597992
Full Text

Locher, Julie L., Kristin S. Vickers, David R. Buys, Amy Ellis, Jeannine C. Lawrence, Laura Elizabeth Newton, David L. Roth, Christine S. Ritchie, and Connie W. Bales. “A randomized controlled trial of a theoretically-based behavioral nutrition intervention for community elders: lessons learned from the Behavioral Nutrition Intervention for Community Elders Study.” J Acad Nutr Diet 113, no. 12 (December 2013): 1675–82. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jand.2013.06.352.

PMID
24021733
Full Text

Willis, Leslie H., Cris A. Slentz, Lori A. Bateman, Esther Granviille, Lucy W. Piner, Connie W. Bales, and William E. Kraus. “Effects of Exercise Amount and Intensity versus a Lifestyle Intervention on Fasting Glucose in Adults With Pre-diabetes-STRRIDE-PD.” Diabetes 62 (July 1, 2013): A186–A186.

Scholars@Duke

Slentz, Cris A., Lori A. Bateman, Leslie H. Willis, Esther Granville, Lucy W. Piner, Lorrie Elliot-Penry, Connie W. Bales, and William E. Kraus. “Effects of Exercise Amount and Intensity versus Lifestyle Intervention on Glucose Tolerance in Adults With Prediabetes-STRRIDE PD.” Diabetes 62 (July 1, 2013): A184–A184.

Scholars@Duke

Granville, Esther O., Kathryn N. Starr, April Ratliff, Lynn A. Connor, Cris A. Slentz, Lori A. Bateman, Leslie H. Willis, Lucy Piner, William E. Kraus, and Connie W. Bales. “Weight change, calorie intake, and macronutrient profiles for 6 and 12 month diet and exercise interventions in participants with pre-diabetes: Does duration of treatment make a difference?” In Faseb Journal, Vol. 27. FEDERATION AMER SOC EXP BIOL, 2013.

Scholars@Duke

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